Sukhothai is an ancient Thai kingdom in the southern half of northern Thailand. The kingdom lasted from 1238 to 438. The old capital of this kingdom today is in the town of Muang Kao, 12 km west of Sukhothai. This place is now a historical park preserved the relics of the old city. The Sukhothai Kingdom has absorbed many influences and ancient traditions; Quickly assimilate all these elements to form a very distinctive feature, called “Sukhothai style”.
Up until the early 13th century, the Thai people, though settled in northern Thailand today, were under the control of the mighty Khmer Empire. However, the Khmer empire began to weaken after the death of King Jayavarman VII, making the Khmer dominance of the Thai settlements significantly weakened. As a result, in 1238, Pho Khun Pha Muang was the leader of the Lato Thai (now Mueang Phetchabun, Phetchabun Province, northern Thailand) and Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao, the Thai leader in Banyang (now Nakhonthai). Together to expel the Khmer, declare independence, occupy Sukhothai as its capital. Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao then became the first king of Sukhothai, claiming to be Pho Khun Si Indrathit (or Intradit), the first dynasty of Sukhothai Dynasty Phra Ruang. This event has traditionally marked the founding of the present Thai-Lao nation, although other prominent Thai kingdoms such as Lan Na, Phayao, Chiang Saen, Muang Sua, Heokam, Mong Mao were also established. At about the same time taking advantage of the power vacuum in the area due to the Mongol Empire sweeping the Mekong to attack the Khmer Empire and withdraw.
Sukhothai expanded by creating alliances with other Thai kingdoms, using Theravada Buddhism as the state religion with the help of the Ceylon monks. Intradit passed the throne to his son Pho Khun Ban Muang, and in 1278 his younger brother, Pho Khun Ramkhamhaeng, succeeded. Under the reign of Ramkhamhaeng the Great, Sukhothai experienced a prosperous golden age. Ramkhamhaeng was instrumental in creating the Thai alphabet (dating back to 1283, based on the controversial Ramkhamhaeng inscription, which is believed to be the oldest form of Thai writing. At its height, the influence of the kingdom stretched from Martaban (present-day Myanmar) to Luang Prabang (present-day Laos) and descended from the Malay Peninsula to the south, reaching Nakhon Si Thammarat, This kingdom is much larger than today’s Thai territory, although the level of actual control is not as influential.
It is a pity if you come to Thailand without coming to Sukhothai. Sukhothai, about 427 km north of Bangkok, was the capital of Thailand from 1238 to 1438. With an area of more than 6,600 km2, many historic sites such as the royal citadel, the temple of Buddha and Sukhothai Historical Park. This capital was recognized by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage in 1991.
The scenery is an ideal place for tourists to learn more about the rich history and culture of the Kingdom of Thailand, such as the Wat Mahathat, the Buddhist Temple, the National Museum. Ramkhamhaeng and canals, canals …
A main temple hidden under the blue waters of the lake at Wat Mahathat.
Sukhothai is less affected by the urbanization process and is called the “dawn of happiness”. Sukhothai Park includes the former Sukhothai capital of 3.38 square kilometers, a masterpiece of the first Siamese architecture. This is one of the first places for Siamese art in the early stages and the creation of the first Thai country, still preserving a series of unique architecture.
The Wat Mahathat is the largest Buddhist temple, with an area of over 160,000 square meters, which is considered to be the heart of Thai Buddhism. There are still standing stone pillars standing in front of the 10 m high Buddha statue. It is thought that the ancient capital is a Buddhist wooden roof. Over time, it has been devastated with only the pillars. The temple is famous for the inscriptions on King Ramkhamhaeng’s stone inscriptions, and many statues of Buddha statues are carved on stone walls.
Delicate carvings at Wat Mahathat.
West of Wat Mahathat is the largest Buddhist temple in Sukhothai and the religious center of ancient Sukhothai. This Buddhist temple has profound influence on the Khmer people, with many statues of Buddha on each lotus, and many pagodas pay tribute to their feet. Inside the Buddha’s Way is a bronze statue of 8 meter high bronze Buddha.
For a panoramic view of the ancient splendor and splendor of ancient Sukhothai, visitors should come here in the morning on a sunny day. Then, the rays of sun will shine on this ancient land and give the beautiful paintings. However, there are also many people enjoy the scene of evil, in the sunshine, the stone columns, moss wall mysterious color.
Although centuries-old, this place is still almost intact soaring stone pillars, sitting Buddha statues, standing Buddha bulky. At the foot of the towers are still many separate sculptures.
Close up of a Buddha statue sitting at Wat Mahathat.
Come and immerse yourself in the ancient atmosphere, in harmony with the nature of Sukhothai to feel and experience the arcade of emotions when watching the ancient capital.
By: Travel Great