Great Barrier Reef

Coral reefs are the world’s largest offshore Cairns includes thousands of kilometers of coral and marine life and the pristine white sand beaches.
Great Barrier Reef is one of the Seven Wonders of the World Nature. This masterpiece stretches 2,000 kilometers in the warm waters off the coast of North Queensland. This reef is also known for the pristine white sand beaches, deserted islands and the clear waters filled with coral and marine life. World Heritage listed reef is the most attractive to the day from Cairns. Here, visitors can scuba diving or glass bottom boat ride to see firsthand the reef.
This is the largest coral reef in the world. It includes nearly 3,000 individual reefs and 900 islands, stretching over nearly 350,000 square kilometers. The longevity of reefs is estimated at about 600,000 years, and this place is appreciated for the diversity and abundance of marine ecosystems. Guests will be satisfied to admire tropical fish, sea turtles, whales, dolphins, porpoises, mollusks and giant clams over 120 years old. Coral is a great source of food for living organisms such as sponges and starfish.
Take the train to the sea is the way to visit the most ideal reef. Guests can sign up for tours at the tourist office in the center of Cairns. Spoiled for choice between mass tourism companies and various packages, regardless of the needs of the tourists are diving often, dive with snorkel, rent a yacht or island overnight stay. If people do not want to wet, visitors can register on a boat cruise and explore glass bottom reef in the underwater observatory.
Great Barrier Reef is made up of many islands, and visitors can easily to these islands through the day tours depart from Cairns. The shape of the island is very diverse from low-lying sand island surrounded by clear blue water, to the famous resort island resorts dense. Visitors can stop at the island as part of a book tour or on a plane and spend a few nights sea in a luxurious resort. The period from June to October is considered peak season when the best water conditions and the number of visitors to a day packed with scissors. Come in low season for discount rooms and tours. The average sea temperature is 26 C, the weather is warm in winter and hot in summer. Great Barrier Reef coral reefs can be seen from outer space and could be considered as single structure the world’s largest creatures. Great Barrier is recognized as a World Natural Heritage in 1981.
This is an area of biological diversity, including many endangered species and endangered. 30 species of whales, dolphins have been recorded in the Great Barrier Reef, including Dwarf Minke whales, dolphins Indo-Pacific Humpback, and Humpback whales. A large population of dugongs live there also. Six species of sea turtles have to reefs to breed, such as: Green, Leatherback, Hawksbill, Loggerhead, Flatback, Olive Ridley and.
Over 200 species of birds (including 40 species of water birds) lived in the airspace of the Great Barrier Reef, including white belly sea eagle and red tern.
5000 species of molluscs have been recorded, including giant clams, several species of nudibranch and cone shell snails, 17 species of sea snakes. More than 1500 species of fish, including Clownfish, Red Bass, Red-Throat Emperor, and many Snapper fish and coral trout. 400 coral species including hard corals and soft corals. There are 15 species of sea grass near coral reefs attract dugongs and sea turtles. 500 species of algae or seaweed ocean. Irukandji jellyfish and corals living at this.
With the help of a robot, the scientists examined the Australian Great Barrier Reef coral discovered in the depths have never been thought of before, news from AFP January 3, 2013.
A team of experts at the University of Queensland (Australia) has announced the findings of its unprecedented about the existence of corals at a depth of 125 meters below sea level. The survey was conducted on the surface of Ribbon Reef, near the Strait of Torres Strait.
Ove Hoegh-Guldberg He, who led the survey, told AFP days before 3/1/2013 that this coral is thought to exist only at a depth of 70 meters, but the findings may help bring new understanding of the coral thrive and grow like.
Experts particularly interested in the coral spawning how such a depth. Shallow coral mating in a synchronous spawning events, which Hoegh-Guldberg experts acknowledge will be “difficult to see” at a depth of 125 meters.
“We do not know the answer to that problem, maybe we’re doing things very different from what the shallow water corals do,” he said.
Deep water corals can be found to overcome the storm on the reefs better than fellow near the surface. Hoegh-Guldberg experts said his group is considering ocean acidification and warming situation is impacting how to deeper reefs under the sea.
Hoegh-Guldberg He also said his group was lucky to be able to “seconded” a deep-diving robot conducted the survey. Unusually calm weather conditions have allowed their ships stop in the wind of the reef, where big waves often impede access.
The survey has brought some success. A variety of specimens collected are being checked, Hoegh-Guldberg, but he sure will have a completely new coral species with the scientific research. So this is an attractive tourist destination that travelers should visit, even once. Come and feel.

Written by Travel Great

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