Travelers visiting the Thailand capital of Bangkok, the temple is located in the historical center of Bangkok (Phra Nakhon), within the grounds of the Royal Palace of Thailand, no one does not once count and worship. The Emerald Buddha Temple which is Thailand called Wat Phra Kaew.
The construction of this temple started when King Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) moved the capital from Thonburi to Bangkok in 1785. Wat Phra Kaew is located next to the Grand Palace and is of prime importance in the famous temples of Thailand. Lan, considered the royal pagoda, covers an area of 945,000 square meters, including more than 100 high-rise buildings, and is the only monastery without monks.
The temple is famous not only for the beauty of many architectural styles, but also for the sacred jade Buddha statue. This is the most revered statue of Buddha in Thailand. Only about 75 centimeter high, engraved from the precious stone block, is decorated solemnly in Wat Pra Kaew (Temple of the Emerald Buddha). Unlike other temples, this temple does not house the monks but only buildings decorated with sacred scenes and statues.
According to the Thailand chronicles, the statue was miraculously discovered in 1434 at a temple in Chiang Rai province (north Thailand). That day, a lightning bolt suddenly appeared and hit a chedi (the statue made of solid stucco and painted outside). The abbot of the shrine rushed to see the broken plaster and there was a small blue statue inside. Then the statue emitting a supernatural brilliant color, making people curious gathered to witness the beautiful symbol of the Buddha.
Legend has it, the magical power of the statue has appealed to all who pass by. Finally, the statue was taken to Chiang Mai, and then washed through Laos in the sixteenth century. In 1778, Thailand general Phya Chakri conquered the statue. In the joy of victory, this general was crowned king of Rama. He decided to bring the emerald Buddha statue to Bangkok in the belief that the statue would give the capital a good chance and protect the independence of the country.
Ever since, the emerald Buddha was placed on the top of a gilded altar 11 meters high, at the top floor of Wat Pra Kaew. Occupying the rest of the space around the museum is a refinement group of ornate decorations and smaller Buddha statues, and countless paintings based on Buddhist themes. The emerald Buddha statue is replaced three times a year: the sun, the rainy season and the cold season. King Rama I designed two robes to decorate Buddha statues: a 60-button sleeveless shirt (for the sunshine season) and a gold-plated gown (used in the rainy season). In the reign of King Rama III, the king ordered the addition of a ceremonial gown of pure gold (used in the cold season)! At the time of the season, it was also the time when the robes took place. The ritual begins with the words “Your Majesty …”, and the sacred water is irrigated to the lobby (waiting room to visit and pray outside). On this occasion, crowds of Buddhists, Thailand people and pilgrims arriving at the Emerald Buddha Temple to offer the pink lotus, fruit, candle and incense to commemorate the Buddha – the “King” Blessing to the people and keeping the land of the “Spring of Buddhism.”
Features of the temple:
At present, the jewel of the Lord Buddha placed on the altar is 11 meters high looks very respectful, because the umbrella is ranked nine storey quiet. Glass balls on both sides symbolize the moon. Each year there are 3 times, at the beginning of the new year, the king presides over the change of the jacket outside of the Green Buddha: Sleeveless robes outside the gold ring, with expensive diamonds for the summer , A dotted diamond dress that looks rich for the rainy season and a gown of pure gold for the cool season. The corridor walls surrounding the temple courtyard are painted with Ramakien heroic narrative murals. The painted murals were based on the origins during the reign of Emperor Rama III (1824-1850), but restored many times. The illustrations of the story begin on the left, as visitors walk around the corridor to gain meaning. Heroic battles, parades, etc. Are all shown on the drawings. The marble slabs were erected on the pillars in front of the paintings, engraved in poems or related to each episode of the story.
In the temple, in addition to the Jade Buddha, the vast majority of the top of the important architecture are decorated in a pinnacle style, this point has become the first feature of Thailand architectural monastery. Each pointed pin has a celluloid, colored porcelain, gold luster … sparkling glitter. The topmost architectural landmarks that attracted the attention of tourists are the Kim Tower, the Episcopal Palace and the First Western Palace. The second characteristic of the monastery is jewelry is too sophisticated, multi-colored, brilliant yellow.
The third characteristic of this monastery is four-sidedly enclosed by a 1 kilometer long murals corridor, 178 beautiful paintings, exquisite paintings, and the epic “Rāmāyaṇa” – literature. Classical India as the subject, have translated into Thailand for everyone to understand. China’s “Three Kingdoms” is recorded on the fronts and ceramic pots. This fresco has shown the perfect unity of the three Buddhas, gods and kings.
The entire architecture of the Jade Buddha Temple is huge, majestic. The towering hewn stairs, long corridors hun sucked in sparkling gold, the characteristics of the temple on Thailand land, almost all focused on Jade Buddha Temple, because this temple is the largest in the country. Its architecture and art have shown its ancient style and are praised as precious art in the art, sculpture and architecture of Thailand Buddhism. In the Jade Buddha Temple, people can also look at exotic birds and apricots, peony, chrysanthemum flowers, carvings, flower wall paintings and pottery and porcelain vases. This is the masterpiece of Zheng He – the great marine Minh China, was built when the third Atlantic Ocean.