Nijo Castle is the place to go if you have the opportunity to visit Kyoto. But only a few works of ancient wartime defense but this place saved the essence of architecture as well as the beauty of the traditional culture of the people of the ancient land of cherry blossoms.
Nijo Castle is a testament to the power of the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period (1603-1868). Castle is a stronghold of the family were really took control of Japan during this time, the emperor made only nominal head. To create a rampart against the enemy, the castle was built with two palaces, two stone walls and two moat.
To make the most of a visit to Nijo Castle, hire the audio guide in English from the kiosk at the entrance to the monumental gateway to the East. With the audio guide, visitors will learn more about the story and fascinating events of this location.
The castle is located on a plateau Kyoto, Japan. The surface area of 275,000 square meters castles, buildings which occupies 8,000 square meters. Castle has two concentric rings of fortifications consisting of wall and moat 1 wide. The outer wall has three gates while the interior has two. At the southwest corner of the interior is the accumulation of 5 towers were destroyed by fire in 1750. The interior consists of palaces and gardens Honmaru. Ninomaru Palace, kitchen, garden protection and few between two of the main round.
Discover Ninomaru Palace, a World Heritage Site. Ninomaru Palace measuring 3300 square meters consists of five separate buildings connected together and built almost entirely of hinoki (cypress). Decorations include the large number of gold leaf and elaborate wood carvings, intended to impress the guests of the power and wealth of the shogun (general). Sliding doors and walls of each room is decorated with wall paintings by artists of the Kano school.
This palace has more than 30 rooms, decorated with tatami mats and many paintings rich. Adding more interesting is the design of the palace is worth admiration and gold leaf surfaces. Visiting his office workers, rice warehouses, meeting rooms and living quarters of the Shogun. The building has a separate reception rooms, conference rooms and the living quarters of the shogun, where only the presence of women is allowed. One of the best features of the palace Ninomaru is “nightingale floor” (uguisubari) on the corridor. To protect people in power from sneak attacks and assassinations, the builders to make the floor of the corridor in a way that makes them emit giggles like a bird when someone goes on there.
Visit the ruins of Castle Honmaru, a fire destroyed the 18th century Discover the room where the servants lived and regional cooking and entertainment guests.
Do not miss the palace gardens, the design has hardly changed for hundreds of years. Ninomaru Park has a lake with three islands connected together by bridges. In the north of the population, Seiryu-en garden combines the characteristics of traditional Japanese and Western, as well as two tea rooms used for cultural events. At certain times of year, visitors will also have the added pleasure of watching the plum and cherry trees bloom.
Take a bus from Kyoto Station, the main hub of the city, to Nijo Castle takes about 20 minutes. There is also a train station nearby and metered parking. Guests must pay an entrance fee, and the castle is open most of the day, except for Tuesday in certain months of the year
Honmaru Palace: Palace Honmaru has a surface area of 1600 square meters. This architectural complex consists of four parts: the residential, hospitality rooms and recreation rooms, lobby and kitchen area. Separate areas connected by corridors and courtyards. The architectural style of the post where this is Edo. The palace museum displays paintings by several famous masters, such as Kano Eigaku.
Palace Honmaru similar original palace Ninomaru. The structure is now known as the Katsura Palace before being relocated to its present location in 1893 and was renamed. 55 original palace building, but only a fraction have been displaced. 1928 coronation banquet of Emperor Showa was held here.
The gardens: the castle area has several gardens with cherry trees and apricot. Ninomaru garden was designed by the famous landscape architect cum tea ceremony master, Enshu Focal Dystonia. The garden is located between the two main rings of fortifications, next to the palace of the same name. The park has a large lake with three small islands, are characterized with numerous stone and elaborately decorated pine trees are pruned, shaped.
Seiryu-en garden is the latest installment of the Nijo Castle. It was built in 1965 in the north of architectural complexes, as a place to welcome the official guests of the city of Kyoto and as a venue for cultural events. Seiryu-en has two tea more than 1,000 residents and stones are elaborately decorated.
Today, the stock becomes attractive destination four visitors – those who want to explore the beauty of the architecture, culture and life of ancient Japan.
By: Travel Great